Universities and institutes in North and East Syria
The first university in the regions of North and East Syria was established in 2015 in the city of Afrin – and closed in 2018 due to the Turkish occupation’s invasion. After that the Rojava University opened in 2016 in the city of Qamishlo, followed by the year of the opening of a university in Kobani, and recently Al-Sharq University was opened in the city of Raqqa in 2021. The aim of establishing these universities is to open the way for students who have dropped out of their studies and universities due to the Syrian crisis to continue their educational attainment. As well that there was seen a need as the crisis, war and migration caused a deterioration of the educational sector. So these universities were one of the solutions to revive and develop the educational sector. Where the university’s scientific curriculum is based on the experiences of international universities, at the same time it relies on the philosophical heritage and historical and social values in Mesopotamia, and thus aims to create a qualitative development in the practical and academic aspects within it.
Mission and objective:
The courses at the university aim to prepare and develop a scientific generation based on research, active and creative mindset that aspires to intellectual liberation, respect for nature, society and women, and openness to all cultures, religions and beliefs. One of the primary objectives sought at the university is for the student to ask himself or herself, why do I learn? What is the purpose of my academic achievement? And to get the answers in his or her practical life.
Colleges and institutes of the universities in North and East Syria:
The College of Arts and Social Sciences includes the following departments: Kurdish literature, Arabic literature, translation, history, geography, and jineology (women’s science).
The College of Science and Technology includes the following departments: Communications, Mechatronics, Computer, Physics, Chemistry, Science, Mathematics, and Biochemistry.
The College of Education includes the following departments: Classroom teacher – Curricula and educational techniques.
The College of Religious Sciences includes the following departments: Islamic, Christian, and Yazidi religions.
Then there are the College of Political Science, the College of Agricultural Engineering, Petroleum and Petrochemistry.
the College of Engineering and Environmental Architecture, the college of Fine Arts and the college of Medicine as well as the College of Law.
There are also institutes: the Institute of Civil Engineering – the Higher Institute of Information – the Higher Institute of Administrative and Financial Sciences.
The educational system in all universities and institutes relies on the practical assessment system as an alternative to the system of traditional theoretical examinations. The study is free of charge until the completion of the branch, with the provision of university housing for students from other towns. Decisions related to the university and students are taken collectively through: the Board of Directors, the University Council, the Women’s Council and the Student Council. International universities that are in contact with the universities of North and East Syria: Washington State University, California Institute for Integrated Studies, the University of Applied Sciences in Emden, the University of Bremen in Germany, the University of Parma in Italy, the International Institute for Kurdish Culture in Rome / Italy, the Lebanese French University in Hewler.
The educational system and curricula within the university remain in a state of permanent renewal and development, and at the level of adopting courses according to the latest scientific means and methods, so as to keep pace with scientific progress and create a generation that keeps pace with scientific development in the world, and seeks to communicate and coordinate with most international universities to benefit and benefit.